Australia has been ranked as the best country to live in accordingly to the OECD's Better Life Index of countries with the best quality of life for 2013 and 2014.
Best known as "The lucky country", Australia offers a good mix of paradisiac beaches and natural wonders with the comfort and safety of highly developed cities. It also boasts a high life expectancy for both females and males.
The Australian economy has achieved an amazing milestone in 2017: It took the record for the longest period of continued growth. The country has a low unemployment rate and the best minimum wage in the world.
The population combines their developed economy with a simple and relaxed lifestyle. Australians are very outdoor people and make good use of their natural and public spaces as very few other countries do.
As a very young country, it relied on and still relies on the influx of millions of immigrants, from all around the world, to help keep building such an amazing and multicultural country.
Highly industrialised and developed, Australia is a multicultural power with individual liberty and dignity as its main values.
Besides the very diverse population, with several distinct religions and cultural backgrounds, Australians do an amazing job in putting their personal differences aside to build a strong and real sense of community and respect.
The country is divided into 6 states and 2 territories, each with its own capital city. The largest part of the population lives in coastal and urban regions. The main cities are Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, Gold Coast and Canberra.
Australia has a temperate climate but varies greatly due to the size of its territory. The states to the north are warmer, most of the time, and those to the south, go through colder winters.
With a free-market economy and strong GDP, the country has a stable and modern structure, which brings a good business atmosphere and fewer risks for international investors. The market is among the first five developed countries of the world, with the four main components being Trade, Manufacturing, Services and Financing.
By having a sophisticated and mandatory educational system, Australia has reached a 99% literacy rate and it ranks amongst the top 5 on the PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) index. After the United States and the United Kingdom, Australia is the country with the highest number of international students and it's house for several schools ranked amongst the best 100 in the world.
The public health system is a top reference all around the globe and is maintained by a public/private partnership. The service is called Medicare and is available free of charge for all Australian Citizens.
1.3- Immigration history
Pretty much half of the population is made up by immigrants, that means either by being born overseas or by having parents born overseas.
Immigration has a key role in the creation of the Australian Nation since the gold rush in the 19th century. The large majority of early immigrants came from the UK and Ireland and helped to build the basis for the new country.
By the end of the World War II, millions of people had lost their homes, and at the same time, Australia had a shortage of workforce and a growing perception that an increase in population was necessary to further develop the country. That's when the Australian Immigration Department was created with its many immigration programs.
By the 70's, the Department finally removed the restrictions by nationality, gender, race and religion for new immigrants, which helped the movement to grow even more.
In addition to Canada, Australia is seen as the most welcoming country for expats.
The immigration system is updated often with the goal to select the candidates with the best chances to adapt to the country in order to become economically independent and be able to contribute to the nation.
1.4- Prospects for the future
Despite the immense territory, Australia has a relatively small population (around 23 million people). There is still plenty of room and growth opportunities for the country, and it will only be possible with an influx of more skilled professionals.
Another factor that will boost the country and the immigration programs is the increased income of its Asian neighbours, which represents a great opportunity for Australian companies and government partnerships.
The economy is expected to continue to grow at around 2.5% per year until 2050.
As in the past, immigration is a key element in this process of further developing the country. Australia needs and will continue to need manpower, and the good news is that millions of people around the world have the chance to make this choice to become Australian citizens.